Prevalence of anxiety and depression symptom, and the demands for psychological knowledge and interventions in college students during COVID-19 epidemic: A large cross-sectional study

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J Impact Disord. 2020 Oct 1275:188-193. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.034. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Abstract

Qualifications: Whilst reports have advised suffering from the epidemic of intense infectious health conditions elevated the prevalence of psychological wellness issues, the association in between COVID-19 epidemic and risk of panic and despair symptom in faculty pupils in China was unclear.

Solutions: A large cross-sectional online study with 44,447 university students was performed in Guangzhou, China. The Zung’s Self-score Nervousness Scale (SAS) and the Centre for Epidemiologic Research Despair Scale (CES-D Scale) were being utilised to define the nervousness and despair symptom, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression models have been utilized to examine the association among COVID-19 epidemic and possibility of stress and depression symptom.

Effects: The prevalence of anxiety and depression symptom was 7.7% (95% self esteem interval [CI]: 7.5%, 8.%) and 12.2% (95%CI: 11.9%, 12.5%), respectively. In contrast with learners who documented have not infected or suspected situations in spouse and children users and kin, learners who noted owning confirmed (OR=4.06 95%CI: 1.62, 10.19 P = .003), and suspected (OR=2.11 95%CI: 1.11, 4.00 P = .023) situations in spouse and children associates and kin experienced better threat of melancholy symptom. On top of that, the proportions of learners with anxiousness and despair symptom described more desire of psychological information and interventions than people without (P<0.001).

LIMITATIONS: All the data in this study was collected through online questionnaire, and we did not evaluate the reliability and validity.

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of anxiety and depression symptom was relatively low in college students, but the COVID-19 epidemic-related factors might be associated with higher depression symptom risk.

PMID:32734907 | DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.034



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